Existential Constructions in Typological Perspective
18-19 November 2016
École normale supérieure, Paris
- Anne Carlier (Université de Lille 3, STL)
- Laure Sarda (CNRS-ENS, LaTTiCe)
Possible research questions that could be explored with respect to different languages :
Is there one grammaticalized existential construction or are there several competing (semi)grammaticalized existential constructions ? In the latter case, how do these constructions differ with respect to their conditions of use ?
What structural properties do existential constructions have in different languages ? There seem to be two major models : existential-locative predications containing the verb ‘be’ and existential-possessive predications containing the verb ‘have’, where the possessor is reanalysed as a location. However, could other semantic fields, such as perception, play a role in existential predication as well ?
How does the grammaticalized existential construction interact with information structure ?
Is there a correlation between the typological properties of a language and the structural and pragmatic properties of its grammaticalized existential construction ?
Are there structural or semantic differences between positive and negative existential constructions ?
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Friday 18 November : salle des Actes
Saturday 19 November : salle Dussane