Accueil > Recherche > Professeurs invités > Invités 2014-2015 > Domenico BERTOLONI MELI

Dernière modification : 7 décembre 2016


Indiana University, Bloomington (États-Unis)
Invité de la République des Savoirs – mai 2015


Le labex TransferS et l’USR République des Savoirs invitent, du 02 au 31 mai 2015, le Professeur Domenico BERTOLONI MELI - Professeur d’Histoire et de philosophie des sciences à l’Indiana University, Bloomington (États-Unis).


Mécanique, médecine et anatomie à l’âge classique


Mercredi 6 mai

  • Visualizing Disease and the Dutch Tradition of Observationes
  • dans le contexte de la Journée d’études Observation and Experiments as Forms of Writing : Describing, Registering, Recording and New Scientific Genres in Early Modern Europe, organisée par Claire Crignon et Sophie Roux
  • 45 rue d’Ulm, Salle Pasteur
  • Recent research identified the emergence of a new literary tradition in the early modern period that has no precedent in classical antiquity : the collection of Observationes. Observationes concerned individual cases, often related to medicine or natural history. Within this broad group, I study a number of works produced in Amsterdam by several anatomists, the most famous being Nicolaas Tulp, immortalized by Rembrandt, and Frederik Ruysch, who established the pre-eminent anatomical museum of his age. All the authors involved were either surgeons or closely tied to surgery – Tulp and Ruysch being both lecturers to the surgeons’ guild. I show how such collections of Observationes, especially those produced in the Low Countries, played an important role in the emergence of the illustrated pathology treatise, joining intellectual transformations to the Dutch visual tradition involving a new attention to detail.





Jeudi 7 mai

  • Revisiting De humani corporis fabrica by Andreas Vesalius
  • 29 rue d’Ulm, Salle 235C, 17.00-19.00
  • Play Images from the great (in all senses) work by Andreas Vesalius, De humani corporis fabrica (1543) have become iconic and ubiquitous. Nonetheless, the complexity and range of Vesalius’s iconographic enterprise are considerably richer than standard accounts would suggest. This talk attempts to provide a sense of the variety of challenges faced by Vesalius and posed to us by his images, large and small.


Mercredi 20 mai (Semaine « Early Modern Philosophy »)

  • Early Modern Philosophy
    Crédits : Pôle communication de l’ENS
  • Marcello Malpighi on Mechanistic Explanations as Investigative Projects
  • dans le contexte de la Journée d’études Perspectives croisées sur la notion de mécanisme (xviie siècle-xxe siècle), organisée par Michel Morange et Sophie Roux
  • 45 rue d’Ulm, Salle Pasteur
  • The problem of generation posed a major challenge to mechanistic anatomists. Some, such as Swammerdam, adopted a radical solution by advocating a form of preformation whereby all living organisms were created by God ab initio. By contrast, Malpighi argued that each organism was created by its parents, generation after generation. His solution posed the question of how this process occurs : he had no detailed answer, though he tried to outline a suitable scenario. My talk reconsiders some of his published texts and examines some preliminary drawings of a monstrous egg that initially seemed to support Swammerdam’s views.





Jeudi 21 mai

  • Machines of the Body in the 17th Century
  • 29 rue d’Ulm, Salle 235C, 17.00-19.00
  • The 17th century was arguably the golden age of mechanistic anatomy. At the time mechanics was being transformed both conceptually and practically, with the introduction of new notions and devices. Whereas in antiquity the lever was the main mechanical device, by the 17th century pendulums, springs, hygrometers, thermometers, barometers, and air pumps emerged and often took center stage. My talk investigates how these and other devices transformed the understanding of the body and interacted with anatomical and more broadly naturalistic investigations. In other words, I try to argue that mechanistic anatomy was transformed conceptually and also because the park of mechanical tools and devices was in a state of profound transformations at the time.


Samedi 23 mai (Semaine « Early Modern Philosophy »)

  • Présentation de son ouvrage Mechanism, Experiment, Disease : Marcello Malpighi and Seventeenth-Century Anatomy, Baltimore, the Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011
  • dans le cadre du 3e atelier franco-américain d’histoire de la philosophie moderne


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