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Dernière modification : 30 mai 2018

Pavel ALEKSEEV

Gorno-Altaisk State University (République de l’Altaï, Russie)
Invité de Pays germaniques – mars et avril 2019

En mars et avril 2019, le labex TransferS et Mandana Covindassamy (Pays germaniques) accueillent Pavel ALEKSEEV, professeur au département d’histoire et de philologie de la Gorno-Altaisk State University.

 

Russian Orientalism in the Context of Russian-European Literary Relations in the 19th Century

The seminar is devoted to the peculiarities of Russian literature of the 19th century, created in the discourse of the colonial practices of Western Europe and the Russian Empire. In the introduction, we will focus on the typological specificity of Russian Orientalism. It is widely known that the concepts of the cultural and political domination of the West over the East were widely reflected in the space of English, French and German literature, and this strongly influenced Russian authors. However, in literary criticism, little attention has been given to the fact that the Russian traditions of communication with the East, the specific of geographic location of the Russian Empire and the colonial conquests of Siberia, Caucasus and Central Asia have in fact led to a phenomenal synthesis in Russian literature of two different types of the Orient’s invention : orientalisation and self-orientalisation.

In the second part of the seminar on the material of the artistic language of main and secondary authors such as A. Pushkin, N. Gogol, M. Lermontov, D. Oznobishin, O. Senkovsky, F. Tyutchev, A. Fet, F. Dostoyevsky and others, we will discuss the evolution of the image of the East, created in the process of acute reflection of the West-Eastern dualism of Russian culture. It is extremely necessary to understand where Russian writers found the East on their imaginary world map, how they differentiated its parts (external and internal, sacral and infernal, etc.), how the “East created in the East” is equally reflected by the Westernizers’ critical ideas about the cultural inferiority of Russia and the Slavophil’s nationalist slogans about Russian cultural superiority not only over Asia but also over Europe. We will see how the mythology of the “Third Rome” formed the opposition of the imperial and anti-imperial themes of Russian literature and also how the images of the East were used to express opposition ideas.

The third thematic block of the seminar is devoted to the problem of the reception of Islam and Islamic mysticism in Russian literature. The question is how this influenced the figurative system, artistic language, genre structure, and mythopoetics of Russian literature. This problem reveals the wide and diverse ways of the West-Eastern cultural transfer in Russia.

 

décembre 2018 :

novembre 2018 | janvier 2019

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